When a player gets transferred to another club, what guarantees do they have? I have looked at some examples, to see how it works.
Are soccer players contracts guaranteed? Players’ contracts are guaranteed with the MLS for the number of years they are signed for unless they break the terms of the contract. The clubs are a franchise to the MLS, this is why the contract is not with the club.
There is a difference between soccer clubs in the USA and Europe. The MLS is structured differently because the clubs are a franchise to the MLS. For example in the English Premier League, the clubs are businesses.
So when a player in the MLS signs a contract, they sign with the MLS. Also in the States, each club has a budget set by the league on how much they are able to pay players. This is dependant on where they finish in the league.
Looking at research from Law in Sport, their quote shows that there are terms of whether a contract is guaranteed. This is dependant on the age and length of service to the MLS;
MLS player contracts are guaranteed for all players who are at least 24 years old and have a minimum of three years of service in the MLS.Law in Sport
The Beckham Rule or Designated Player Rule was brought in 2007. This is to allow MLS clubs to compete with the international soccer market and not be restricted by the rules of the MLS franchise system.
It is called the Beckham Rule because in 2007 he was the first player to sign under the new system. A club is allowed to sign 3 players outside of the salary cap. Money can be used from another player’s slot, which is not used.
The salary cap from Wiki for each club in 2007 was $2.1m. This is the highest amount that any club in the MLS could sign a player for. David Beckham was paid $6.5m in 2007, using the new law.
The latest laws from 2012 – from Wikipedia
- Over 23 -budget of $350,000, Joining mid season $175,000.
- 21–23 years old count as $200,000 against the club’s salary budget.
- 20 years old or younger $150,000
- The budget charge for the midseason signing of a young Designated Player (23 years old and younger) is $150,000 and this amount cannot be lowered with allocation funds.
- Clubs will not have to buy the third DP roster slot to accommodate Designated Players 23 years old and younger.
- The age of a player is determined by year (not date) of birth.
While Beckham was playing for Real Madrid in Spain, his club had a 50% share of his image rights. Selling shirts and endorsing products. Under the MLS they able to use this to pay for the larger wage.
Canceling a Contract
Both parties need to fulfill the contract terms otherwise it could be void and the contract could end. It would take extreme measures to violate these contracts as there is a great deal of money involved.
As we have discovered, each soccer player is under a contract with a club. This contract signed with the MLS and the club as franchise endorses it. Like any other contract, it is written in the law and needs to be fulfilled. The contracts for soccer players are over a number of years.
Signing a Player
The first team that puts the player on their list has the right to negotiate with that player first.
How Long is a Contract?
A player’s contract can be anything from a number of months to a number of years. The highest-paid player in the MLS is Zlatan Ibrahimovic and in 2019 he is nearing the end of his contract. It is normal for an older player to sign a one year contract.
The third highest-paid player is Michael Bradley. His contract is also coming to an end. He signed his contract in 2014 and it is ending in 2019.
The most popular length of contract in soccer is for 5 years. The longer the contract, the more rights the club has over the player. With a longer contract, the player can demand more money.
In La Liga, Spain, when the players sign a contract, the clubs need to assign that player with a valuation in their contract. That is so any club is allowed to buy that player by making a bid. If a club matches the valuation of that player in the contract, the club allows that player to speak to the bidding club.
For contracts in Spain, the clubs will generally put a high price ticket on a player to ward off any likely buyers. The figures for these contracts can be beyond $500m! This fee is to guarantee to be able to talk to the player and purchase at that price.
The downside to putting a high valuation on a player is that when the player signs, they can demand higher wages.
In the English league, there is no amount named for a player in their contract. If a club wishes to purchase a player, they will make a bid to the club and it needs to be accepted for the bidding club to talk to the player.
Unlike the MLS, clubs in Europe are companies, they are not franchised to the league. So when a player signs a contract, they sign with the club and the league oversees it.
Before 1995, when a player finished their contract, the club still owned the player. The contract was mainly there for the salary and terms of a player. In 1995 Jean-Marc Bosman wanted to leave his club and sign for another, but the clubs could not agree on a transfer fee. The player felt like he was being restricted to a move and the case was brought to court.
A new law was passed after this case that restricted a player being held at a club even when the contract had expired. This was passed in the European Courts and applies today. When a player reaches the end of their contract, they are able to speak to another club and there is no transfer fee involved.
This ruling and law change made clubs sell players during their contract so that they earned a fee. It gives the player more power as they can see-out their contract and move freely to another club.
Popularity Of Soccer
Attendances for Sports
From global salaries, we can see how popular each of the sport are from countries around the world. The NLF has the highest average attendance and the highest total attendance from Major League baseball. Although the MLS is lower on the list, the popularity is ever-growing.
America has a greater population in comparison to the other countries on the list. Do the attendances match the salary earned by the players?
Average Soccer Salary
Looking at the sporting salaries for the countries across the world. The EPL is in number 1 position and the MLS is in number 16. So to compete with clubs around the world the MLS had to introduce the Beckham rule to grow.
In the MLS, the club and the split the fee based on a player’s contract, because the club is a franchise.
The transfer fee is kept by the league and club in the MLS. In Europe, the clubs get the fee and the player will receive a signing-on fee from their new club.