Can a Soccer Game End in a Tie?

lineman assistant referee at the corner of a soccer field e1571233452193

The first soccer game I ever went to ended with the scores tied at 2 apiece after 90 minutes. As a soccer novice at the time, I had absolutely no idea what happened next.

Fortunately, my older, wiser dad was there to explain to me that as it was a cup game, there would be an extra 30 minutes ‘overtime’ to discover a winner, before a potential ‘PK shootout’. I didn’t know exactly what this meant, but it sounded exciting!

Can a soccer game end in a tie?

When the soccer game is a league match and the scores are level after 90 minutes, both teams are awarded 1 point each. For a first-leg of in a competition, it can end in a tie and the second-leg in the decider. For a knockout competition, if the scores are level after 90 minutes, the game is decided by a replay, overtime, and/or penalty kicks.

Unfortunately, my dad also explained that due to his poor planning, we’d have to miss this dramatic sounding ending and leave immediately, in order to make the last train home…

A tied game is a common occurrence in soccer – in fact, analysis shows that ties have become more and more common in English soccer at least, with over 25% of games ending in a draw.

But there are a number of possibilities as to what happens next if the scores are level after 90 minutes.

So, to avoid our mistake and make sure you’re prepped if the scores are level at full time, here’s an explainer of everything you need to know about a tied game.

What happens if the score is tied after 90 minutes?

If two teams can’t be separated over 90 minutes, there are several options for what happens next. This will depend on:

  • The game is part of a league or a knockout (this will affect whether a winner needs to be decided at all).
  • What competition the game is part of (different competitions use different formats).
  • Whether the teams have already replayed the game once (more on this below).

So, now we know that ties are a common occurrence, let’s look at the various options for settling a game.

Shared Points

If the game is part of a league – either a standalone tournament or a group stage as part of a bigger tournament – then a tie usually results in the two teams sharing the points.

This means both teams are awarded one point each towards their league total, rather than three points which would usually be given to a team winning a game. In this case, the game simply ends at 90 minutes as there’s no need to settle the outcome.

Equal Points in a League Game

In the MLS, the decider of the league is by a knockout stage. So the following applies to qualification and other leagues in the world.

Where teams are level on points within a league, there are several ways of separating them. Most commonly, teams are ranked by goal difference (the number of goals you’ve scored minus the number you’ve conceded).

If this is also tied, they are separated by

  • the number of goals scored (to reward attacking play).
  • If both these things are also equal (this would happen, for example, if teams have only played one game, against each other, and drawn it) they may temporarily be separated by alphabetical order.
  • If teams have identical records over a whole season (which is incredibly unlikely) a one-off tie-breaker game may be used.

While teams have never finished with identical points and goal records in any of the major soccer leagues, a tie-breaker was used to decide the 1963-64 Italian league title – before they had introduced the goal difference rule. Bologna beat Inter Milan 2-0 in a tiebreaker game to seal the title.

Replay After a Tie

So, a tied game is relatively straightforward if it’s part of a league format – but what if it’s part of a knockout cup competition? Teams aren’t playing for points, so we need some way of deciding who should progress to the next round.

One way of doing this – used in the English FA cup for example – is simply to replay the game. This usually happens a week or so later, depending on scheduling of other fixtures, and commonly happens at the opposing ground (so the team with home advantage is reversed).

Nowadays, competitions usually only allow one replay, to avoid fixture congestion. If the replay also ends in a tie, one of the methods below is then adopted. But this wasn’t always the case. In 1989, two English sides – Newcastle and Watford – played 4 times in 11 days before a winner could be found!

Overtime

Probably the most common method for settling tied games in a cup competition is through a 30-minute period of overtime – also referred to as ‘extra time’. This simply means teams playing for 30 additional minutes (made up of two 15-minute halves) to see if one team can outscore the other.

Standard overtime continues for the full 30 minutes, regardless of how many goals are scored in this period, with teams switching ends after 15 minutes. In 2010, England’s Leyton Orient scored 6 extra-time goals to beat non-league Droylsedon 8-2 after overtime, even though the game had been tied after 90 minutes!

But what happens if teams are still tied after an extra 30 minutes? Cue one of the most dramatic events in soccer.

The PK Shootout

Perhaps one of the most exciting events in soccer – the PK shootout. Each team selects 5 players (who must all have been on the pitch at the full-time whistle) to try and score from 12 against the opposing keeper. After 5 kicks, the team who has scored the most wins.

This truly is a chance for heroes and villains to be formed, with every kick and every rejection taking on huge significance.

Teams used to take it in turns to take PKs (so kicks would be taken alternately by team A, team B, team A, team B) but increasingly tournaments are using an ABBA method (which means team A takes one kick, then team B take two kicks, then team A take two kicks and so on).

Science shows that teams taking their kick first have a slight psychological advantage, so this new approach is an attempt to even that out.

Teams Equal After 5 Penalty Kicks

If teams still can’t be separated after 5 PKs each? Then the drama ratchets up again as we move into a ‘sudden death’ shootout. This means teams taking a further one PK each, until only one team scores.

Importantly, individual players can only take one PK in a shootout, until every other player in the team has also taken at least one (so if your best striker takes the first PK,

He can’t take another until the whole team has taken at least one). This means that as the shootout goes on, players less and less confident taking penalties are required to step up.

There are often added drama as goalkeepers end up facing off – one trying to score a PK against their opponent

Top Penalties Scoresd by Goalkeepers

Sudden death PKs are rare, and shootouts are usually settled relatively quickly, but they can occasionally go on and on – getting more and tenser. In the semi-final of the 2006 African Nations Cup, Ivory Coast beat Cameroon 12-11 after a total of 24 PKs!

Golden Goal & Silver Goal

The final two methods of settling a tied game are now largely consigned to history. The first experiment, golden goal, was a variation on standard overtime. Rather than simply playing out a further 30 minutes, teams would simply play until one team scored. Whenever this happened, the game would end immediately and the goal would win the game.

Perhaps the most famous example of this was in the final of the 2000 European Championship, with France beating Italy via a golden goal. If no goal was scored in 30 minutes, teams would face a PK shootout.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=knul03Emmwk

While the golden goal has now been abolished by FIFA and is no longer used in major international tournaments, it is still used in some more minor tournaments, for example in NCAA soccer championships.

Silver Goal

A further variation – called silver goal – was briefly used by UEFA, perhaps most famously in the 2004 European Championships. This meant that if a goal was scored during overtime, teams would continue to play until the end of the 15-minute half.

So, if a team scored 10 minutes into overtime, the opposing team would have 5 minutes – until half-time – to find an equalizer. If they managed to do so, the second half would be played; if they failed, the game would end at half time.

This format was felt by many to be confusing and arbitrary – most famously when the Czech Republic lost to a Greece goal scored after 105+1 minutes (the very end of the premier half of overtime). This highlighted the drawbacks of silver goals and the format was abolished soon after.

For more details about overtime in each competition, read this article.

Games Ending in a Tie

So, there we have it: yes – soccer games absolutely can finish in a tie. In league games, this usually isn’t a problem, with teams simply sharing the points between them.

However, when the game is part of a knockout competition and a winner is needed, there are a variety of ways of deciding the outcome. From overtime to PK shootouts, tied games can often give us the most famous and dramatic endings.

So, make sure you know which format applies to your favorite tournament – after all, you don’t want to miss the last train home after discovering that an extra 30 minutes is needed to settle the outcome!

Why does a soccer game go over 90 minutes? When the ball is out of play the referee will stop their watch and the same for injuries and free kicks. The referee will add on time at the end of each half causing the match to be longer than 45 and 90 minutes.

How does a soccer game end? After 90 minutes the referee or assistant will signal the amount of time to be added on to the game. In professional soccer, a board will be held up to show the added time. Extra time can be added on to this when the ball is out of play.

Read More…

Soccer Tie Break + Overtime

soccer kick off e1571233275819

Just before a tournament, I need to check to see if there is a tie break or overtime in this soccer game. I have seen many systems to end a game if both of the teams score the same. The rules have been changed many times by FIFA. Let’s see what the current rules are.

Can soccer end in a tie break and is there overtime? Most soccer matches can end in a tie break and each team will be awarded 1 point each. In some matches there will be overtime, this is normal for a cup game. Here are all the possibilities.

The point system for all of the leagues is 1 point for a tie and 3 points for a win. This system changes when teams are in the playoffs for the championship or a tournament. There have been many types of ways to end a game over the years, it’s easy to get mixed up.

Some people don’t like to end a game with a penalty shoot-out. They think it is not a fair way to decide the game and there should be a way to do it with the normal game.

I don’t mind a penalty shoot-out – it must end one way. It could be funny if the games were just allowed to go on until there was a winner – what would be the longest game ever!

There have been introductions over the year to change the system. Do you remember or did you hear of the golden goal rule? Or the silver goal rule?

Golden goal rule: If a game ends in a tie break, there is a small break. Teams would enter the field and like normal, there are two halves of 15 minutes. The first team to score in overtime wins the game. If no team scores in overtime, the teams would have penalty kicks at the end like normal.

Silver goal rule: When there is a tie after 90 minutes, the teams will play overtime. The teams will play a 15 minute half. During this half, if a team scores more than the other team, at the end of the half they will win the game.

When the game is a tie at the end of the first half of overtime, the teams will play the second half of 15 minutes.

If a team scores more than the other team in the second half, by the game that team is the winners. If both of the teams are level after 120 minutes, they will have a penalty shoot-out.

The golden goal and silver goal are not used anymore. It was an interesting system and created a lot of buzz at the time.

Major League Soccer

A league match in the MLS has the same scoring system, 1 point for a tie and 3 points for a win.

Playoffs

soccer tournament

From 2019, the top 7 teams progress to the playoffs. There is one match in the play-off rounds, unlike before where there were two-legs. The team that finished the highest in their conference progress to the semi-final.

The highest seeding team hosts the game. During the playoffs, if a game ends in a tie after 90 minutes, there is overtime. The overtime will be two halves of 15 minutes and one team score more than the other, they win.

If the game is still a tie after 120 minutes, the teams will have a penalty shootout.

English Premier League

League

Points are given the same for a league match, 1 for a tie and 3 for a win. In the EPL there are no playoffs, so the team with the highest points at the end of the season wins the league.

If two teams are tied with the same point after all the games are played. The team that has the best goal difference wins. If the teams have the same goal difference, it goes to the team that scored the most in the season.

Cup Games

FA Cup

The matches that end in a tiebreak up to the fifth round, have a replay. If the teams are still tied after 90 minutes, the teams go to extra time and then on to penalties.

The games after the fifth round, do not have a replay – this is to reduce the number of games. To finish the game in a tiebreak, the normal extra time and penalties will conclude it.

League Cup

All games apart from the final will not have extra time if the teams are tied. At the end of a tied game, there will be penalties to decide the winner. The final will have extra time and penalties if the game is tied.

European Champions League

The Champions League begins with a league format. 4 teams in each league, the teams play each other home and away. Teams are awarded 1 point for a draw and 3 points for a win.

After the league format is finished, the teams are picked from a draw to play each other. Teams from the same leagues or the same countries cannot play each other in the first knockout round.

The teams in the eliminators will play against the team they draw twice, home and away. The first team picked out of the draw will play at home first. In the second game, if the teams are tied, the team that scored more away goals will win.

Example;

Manchester UnitedBarcelona
First Match3-1
Second Match2-4

The final score added is; Manchester 5-5 Barcelona.

Both the teams have scored the same amount of goals, but because Manchester United scored 2 away goals and Barcelona scored 1 away goal, United progress to the next round.

If the teams score the same amount of goal as each other, eg. 2-2 and 2-2. The second game would go to extra time after 90 minutes, then a penalty shootout.

The final is a similar format to the other competitions. If the teams are tied after 90 minutes, extra time is played. If a team scores more than the other team in the 30 minutes of extra time, they win. After 120 minutes if the teams are still tied, it goes to penalties.

World Cup

Soccer World Cup trophy

The World Cup start with group stages, mini-leagues similar to the Champions League. With 1 point for a tie and 3 points for a win.

The teams that qualify from the group stages go into the playoffs. The playoffs are one game and if the teams are tied after the 90 minutes, they play overtime.

If a team scores more in overtime, they win the game. If it is still tied, they go on to have a penalty shoot-out.

Overtime

I do like the systems that encourage teams to score more. The Champions League has done that to good effect, awarding teams for scoring more away goals.

Some proposal has been to replace the penalty shoot-out with another system. After extra time, a player will dribble the ball towards the goal and shoot and the goalkeeper will be able to move in their box. This would be fun to watch.

Why does soccer end in a tie?

There are ties in soccer for those teams competing in the league. They will be awarded 1 point for a tie. The incentive is to win and get three points.

What is a tie called in soccer?

In England, they call a tie a draw. In the States, it is called a tie.

What is overtime called in soccer?

In England, they call overtime, extra time.

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