The first soccer game I ever went to ended with the scores tied at 2 apiece after 90 minutes. As a soccer novice at the time, I had absolutely no idea what happened next.
Fortunately, my older, wiser dad was there to explain to me that as it was a cup game, there would be an extra 30 minutes ‘overtime’ to discover a winner, before a potential ‘PK shootout’. I didn’t know exactly what this meant, but it sounded exciting!
When the soccer game is a league match and the scores are level after 90 minutes, both teams are awarded 1 point each. For a first-leg of in a competition, it can end in a tie and the second-leg in the decider. For a knockout competition, if the scores are level after 90 minutes, the game is decided by a replay, overtime, and/or penalty kicks.
Unfortunately, my dad also explained that due to his poor planning, we’d have to miss this dramatic sounding ending and leave immediately, in order to make the last train home…
A tied game is a common occurrence in soccer – in fact, analysis shows that ties have become more and more common in English soccer at least, with over 25% of games ending in a draw.
But there are a number of possibilities as to what happens next if the scores are level after 90 minutes.
So, to avoid our mistake and make sure you’re prepped if the scores are level at full time, here’s an explainer of everything you need to know about a tied game.
What happens if the score is tied after 90 minutes?
If two teams can’t be separated over 90 minutes, there are several options for what happens next. This will depend on:
- The game is part of a league or a knockout (this will affect whether a winner needs to be decided at all).
- What competition the game is part of (different competitions use different formats).
- Whether the teams have already replayed the game once (more on this below).
So, now we know that ties are a common occurrence, let’s look at the various options for settling a game.
If the game is part of a league – either a standalone tournament or a group stage as part of a bigger tournament – then a tie usually results in the two teams sharing the points.
This means both teams are awarded one point each towards their league total, rather than three points which would usually be given to a team winning a game. In this case, the game simply ends at 90 minutes as there’s no need to settle the outcome.
Equal Points in a League Game
In the MLS, the decider of the league is by a knockout stage. So the following applies to qualification and other leagues in the world.
Where teams are level on points within a league, there are several ways of separating them. Most commonly, teams are ranked by goal difference (the number of goals you’ve scored minus the number you’ve conceded).
If this is also tied, they are separated by
- the number of goals scored (to reward attacking play).
- If both these things are also equal (this would happen, for example, if teams have only played one game, against each other, and drawn it) they may temporarily be separated by alphabetical order.
- If teams have identical records over a whole season (which is incredibly unlikely) a one-off tie-breaker game may be used.
While teams have never finished with identical points and goal records in any of the major soccer leagues, a tie-breaker was used to decide the 1963-64 Italian league title – before they had introduced the goal difference rule. Bologna beat Inter Milan 2-0 in a tiebreaker game to seal the title.
Replay After a Tie
So, a tied game is relatively straightforward if it’s part of a league format – but what if it’s part of a knockout cup competition? Teams aren’t playing for points, so we need some way of deciding who should progress to the next round.
One way of doing this – used in the English FA cup for example – is simply to replay the game. This usually happens a week or so later, depending on scheduling of other fixtures, and commonly happens at the opposing ground (so the team with home advantage is reversed).
Nowadays, competitions usually only allow one replay, to avoid fixture congestion. If the replay also ends in a tie, one of the methods below is then adopted. But this wasn’t always the case. In 1989, two English sides – Newcastle and Watford – played 4 times in 11 days before a winner could be found!
Probably the most common method for settling tied games in a cup competition is through a 30-minute period of overtime – also referred to as ‘extra time’. This simply means teams playing for 30 additional minutes (made up of two 15-minute halves) to see if one team can outscore the other.
Standard overtime continues for the full 30 minutes, regardless of how many goals are scored in this period, with teams switching ends after 15 minutes. In 2010, England’s Leyton Orient scored 6 extra-time goals to beat non-league Droylsedon 8-2 after overtime, even though the game had been tied after 90 minutes!
But what happens if teams are still tied after an extra 30 minutes? Cue one of the most dramatic events in soccer.
The PK Shootout
Perhaps one of the most exciting events in soccer – the PK shootout. Each team selects 5 players (who must all have been on the pitch at the full-time whistle) to try and score from 12 against the opposing keeper. After 5 kicks, the team who has scored the most wins.
This truly is a chance for heroes and villains to be formed, with every kick and every rejection taking on huge significance.
Teams used to take it in turns to take PKs (so kicks would be taken alternately by team A, team B, team A, team B) but increasingly tournaments are using an ABBA method (which means team A takes one kick, then team B take two kicks, then team A take two kicks and so on).
Science shows that teams taking their kick first have a slight psychological advantage, so this new approach is an attempt to even that out.
Teams Equal After 5 Penalty Kicks
If teams still can’t be separated after 5 PKs each? Then the drama ratchets up again as we move into a ‘sudden death’ shootout. This means teams taking a further one PK each, until only one team scores.
Importantly, individual players can only take one PK in a shootout, until every other player in the team has also taken at least one (so if your best striker takes the first PK,
He can’t take another until the whole team has taken at least one). This means that as the shootout goes on, players less and less confident taking penalties are required to step up.
There are often added drama as goalkeepers end up facing off – one trying to score a PK against their opponent
Top Penalties Scoresd by Goalkeepers
Sudden death PKs are rare, and shootouts are usually settled relatively quickly, but they can occasionally go on and on – getting more and tenser. In the semi-final of the 2006 African Nations Cup, Ivory Coast beat Cameroon 12-11 after a total of 24 PKs!
Golden Goal & Silver Goal
The final two methods of settling a tied game are now largely consigned to history. The first experiment, golden goal, was a variation on standard overtime. Rather than simply playing out a further 30 minutes, teams would simply play until one team scored. Whenever this happened, the game would end immediately and the goal would win the game.
Perhaps the most famous example of this was in the final of the 2000 European Championship, with France beating Italy via a golden goal. If no goal was scored in 30 minutes, teams would face a PK shootout.
While the golden goal has now been abolished by FIFA and is no longer used in major international tournaments, it is still used in some more minor tournaments, for example in NCAA soccer championships.
A further variation – called silver goal – was briefly used by UEFA, perhaps most famously in the 2004 European Championships. This meant that if a goal was scored during overtime, teams would continue to play until the end of the 15-minute half.
So, if a team scored 10 minutes into overtime, the opposing team would have 5 minutes – until half-time – to find an equalizer. If they managed to do so, the second half would be played; if they failed, the game would end at half time.
This format was felt by many to be confusing and arbitrary – most famously when the Czech Republic lost to a Greece goal scored after 105+1 minutes (the very end of the premier half of overtime). This highlighted the drawbacks of silver goals and the format was abolished soon after.
Games Ending in a Tie
So, there we have it: yes – soccer games absolutely can finish in a tie. In league games, this usually isn’t a problem, with teams simply sharing the points between them.
However, when the game is part of a knockout competition and a winner is needed, there are a variety of ways of deciding the outcome. From overtime to PK shootouts, tied games can often give us the most famous and dramatic endings.
So, make sure you know which format applies to your favorite tournament – after all, you don’t want to miss the last train home after discovering that an extra 30 minutes is needed to settle the outcome!
Why does a soccer game go over 90 minutes? When the ball is out of play the referee will stop their watch and the same for injuries and free kicks. The referee will add on time at the end of each half causing the match to be longer than 45 and 90 minutes.
How does a soccer game end? After 90 minutes the referee or assistant will signal the amount of time to be added on to the game. In professional soccer, a board will be held up to show the added time. Extra time can be added on to this when the ball is out of play.
I’ve played soccer across the U.S.A, Europe and I’ve coached many teams. Soccer is life for me, and with my experience in the game, I want to share my insights into the beautiful game with you.
Joel Powel – Soccer Blade